Aislamiento e identificación de microorganismos ambientales del museo Tumbas Reales de Sipán

Isolation and identification of the environmental microorganism of the Tumbas Reales de Sipán museum

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Rocío Farro-Barbaran
Willy Mauricio Ramos-Iturregui
Sebastian Iglesias-Osores
Carmen Carreño-Farfán


Las bacterias y los hongos son un riesgo potencial para el material arqueológico y trabajadores de los museos en Lambayeque, Perú. Con el objetivo de cuantificar la microbiología ambiental aislada del museo Tumbas Reales de Sipán, se muestrearon cuatro almacenes, con Agar Nutritivo y Agar Papa Dextrosa, incubándose a 30 °C, en aerobiosis, hasta por 7 días, para bacterias y, hasta por 10 días, para hongos. Se cuantificaron bacterias con un máximo de 2,7x104 UFC cm-2, en las superficies de pisos y paredes; 1,4x103 UFC m-3, en el aire y hongos filamentosos, con un máximo de 7,5x104 UFC cm-2, en las superficies y 9,1x104 UFC m-3, en el aire. Se aislaron e identificaron los géneros de bacterias: Bacillus, Micrococcus, Acinetobacter, Nocardia, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus y Streptomyces y los géneros de hongos filamentosos: Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Circinella, Syncephalastrum, Penicillium, Alternaria, Staphylotrichum, Cercospora, Rhizopus, Cunninghamella, Chrysosporium, Nigrospora, Stachybotrys, Gliocladium y Verticillium.

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