Fluidoterapia en ganado bovino

Contenido principal del artículo


Johann Baquero Parrado1
Edgar Fuentes Reyes

Detalles del artículo


Los autores conservan los derechos de autor y ceden a la revista el derecho de la primera publicación, con el trabajo registrado con la Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional., que permite a terceros utilizar lo publicado siempre y cuando mencionen la autoría del trabajo y a la primera publicación en esta revista.

Se recomienda a los autores incluir su trabajo en redes sociales como Researchgate y repositorios institucionales una vez publicado el artículo o hecho visible en la página de la revista, sin olvidar incluir el identificador de documento digital y el nombre de la revista.



AHMED, A.F.; CONSTABLE, P.D.; MISK, N.A. 2002. Effect of feeding and route of administration on abomasal luminal pH in dairy calves fed milk replacer. J. Dairy Sci. (EEUU). 85(6):1502-1508.

ANGELOS, S.M.; SMITH, B.P.; GEORGE, L.W.; HOUSE, J.K.; VAN METRE, D.C.; FECTEAU, G.; THACKER, V.C.; ANGELOS, J.A. 1999. Treatment of hyper- natremia in an acidotic neonatal calf. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 214(9):1364-1367.

BAJCSY, C.A.; REICZG J.; SZENCI, O. 1999. Circadian changes in blood ionized calcium, sodium, potassium, and chloride concentrations and pH in cattle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 60(8):945-948.

BAQUERO-PARRADO, J.R. 2005a. The acid-base sta- tus in clinically healthy and diseased cattle. En: Resúmenes VIII Encuentro Nal Investig. de las Ciencias Pecuarias. Rev. Col. Cienc. Pec. 18(4) Suplemento: 377.

BAQUERO-PARRADO, J.R. 2005b. Electrolyte and acidbase disturbances in neonatal calves with diarrea. En: Resúmenes VIII Encuentro Nal Investig. de las Ciencias Pecuarias. Rev. Col. Cienc. Pec. 18(4) Suplemento: 377.

BENJAMIN, M.M. 1991. Líquido y electrolitos. Manual de Patología Clínica en Veterinaria. 3ª reimpresión, Edit Limusa, México, D.F. p.251-267.

BERCHTOLD, J. 1999. Intravenous fluid therapy of calves. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 15(3):505-531.

BERCHTOLD, J.;CONSTABLE, P.D.; SMITH, G.W.; MATHUR, S.M.; MORIN, D.E.; TRANQUILLI, W.J. 2005. Effects of intravenous hyperosmotic sodium bicarbonate on arterial and cerebrospinal fluid acid-base status and cardiovascular function in calves with experimentally induced and strong ion acidosis. J. Vet. Int. Med. (EEUU) 19(2):240-251.

BESSER, T.E.; SZENCI, O.; GAY, C.C. 1990. Decreased colostral immunoglobulin absorption in calves with respiratory acidosis. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 196(8):1239-1243.

BLOOD, D.C.; RADOSTITIS, O.M. 1992. Alteraciones de líquidos orgánicos, electrolitos y equilibrio ácido-base. Medicina Veterinaria. 7a Ed. Madrid, España, Vol. 1, p. 62-81.

BROOKS, H.W.; HALL, G.A.; WAGSTAFF, A.J.; MICHELL, A.R. 1998. Detrimental effects on villus form during conventional oral rehydration therapy for diarrhea in calves; alleviation by a nutrient oral rehydration solution containing glutamine. The Vet. J. (Reino Unido).155(3):263-274.

BROWN, S.A.; DUSZA, K.; BOEHMER, J. 1994. Comparison of measured values for colloid osmotic pressure in hospitalized animals. Am. J. Vet. Res. 55(7):910-915.

CAMBIER, C.; RATZ, V.; ROLLIN, F.; FRANS, A.; CLERBAUX, T.; GUSTIN, P. 1997. The effects of hypertonic saline in healthy and diseased animals. Vet. Res. Commun. (Países Bajos). 21(5):303-316.

CAMBIER, C., DETRY, B., BEERENS, D., FLORQUIN, S., ANSAY, M., FRANS, A.; CLERBAUX, T.; GUSTIN, P. 1998. Effects of hypochloremia on blood oxygen binding in healthy calves. J. Appl. Physiol. (EEUU). 85(4):1267-1272.

CARLSON, G.P. 1989. Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance. En: Kaneko, J.J. Clinical and Biochem- istry of Domestic Animals. 4a Ed, San Diego Cali- fornia, U.S.A., Academic Press, p.543-575.

CEBRA, M.L.; GARRY, F.B.; CEBRA, C.K.; ADAMS, R.; McCAN, J.P.; FETTMAN, M.J. 1998. Treatment of neonatal calf diarrhea with oral electrolyte solution supplemented with Psyllium mucilloid. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 12(6):449-455.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; SCHMALL, L.M.; MUIR III, W.W.; HOFFSIS, G.F. 1991a. Respiratory, renal, hemato- logic, and serum biochemical effects of hypertonic saline solution in endotoxemic calves. Am. J. Vet. Res. 52(7):990-998.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; SCHMALL, L.M.; MUIR III, W.W.; HO- FFSIS, G.F.; SHERTEL, E.R. 1991 b. Hemodynamic response of endotoxemic calves to treatment with small-volume hypertonic saline solution. Am. J. Vet. Res. 52(7):981-989.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 1991. Clinical assessment of renal tubular function through determination of electro- lyte and creatinine concentrations. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 5(6):357-358.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 1993. Introduction to the ruminant forestomach. En: Howard J.L. Current Veterinary Therapy 3, Food Animal Practice, 3a ed. Philadel- phia, W.B Saunders Company, p.706-711.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; GOHAR, H.M.; MORIN, D.E.; THURMON, J.C. 1996. Use of hypertonic saline-dextran solution to resuscitate hypovolemic calves with diarrhea. Am. J. Vet. Res. 57(1):97-104.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 1997a. A simplified strong ion model for acid-base equilibria: application to horse plas- ma. J. Appl. Physiol. 83(1):297-311.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; WALTER, P.G.; MORIN, D.E.; FOREMAN, J.H. 1998a. Clinical and laboratory assessment of hydration status of neonatal calves with dia- rrhea. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 212(7):991-996.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; HINCHCLIFF, K.W.; MUIR III, W.W. 1998b. Comparison of anion gap and strong anion gap as predictors of unmeasured strong ion concentration in plasma and serum from horses. Am. J. Vet. Res. 59(7):881-887.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 1999. Clinical assessment of acid- base status: Strong ion difference theory. Vet Clin. North Am, Food Anim. Pract. 15(3):447-471.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 2000. Clinical assessment of acid- base status: comparison of the Henderson-Has- selbach and strong ion approaches. Vet. Clin. Path (EEUU). 29(4):115-128.

CONSTABLE, P.D. 2002. Calculation of variables des- cribing plasma nonvolatile weak acids for use in the strong ion approach to acid-base balance in cattle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 63(4):482-490.

CONSTABLE, P.D., 2003. Fluid and electrolyte therapy in ruminants. Vet Clin North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 19(3):557-597.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; STAEMPFLI, H.R. 2005. Experimental determination of net protein charge and A(tot) and K(a) of nonvolatile buffers in canine plasma. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 19(4):507-514.

CONSTABLE, P.D.; STAEMPFLI, H.R.; NAVETAT, H.; BERCHTOLD, J.; SCHELCHER, F. 2005. Use of a quantitative strong ion approach to determine the mechanism for acid-base abnormalities in sick calves with or without diarrhea. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 19(4):581-519.

CORKE, M.J. 1988. Economical preparation of fluids for intravenous use in cattle practice. Vet. Rec. (Reino Unido). 122(13):305-307.

EICHER, R.; LIESEGANG, A.; BOUCHARD, E.; TREMBLAY, A. 1999. Effect of cow-specific factors and feeding frequency of concentrate of diurnal variations of blood metabolites in dairy cows. Am. J. Vet. Res. 60(12):1493-1499.

EWASCHUK, J.B.; NAYLOR, J.M.; PALMER, R.; WHITING, S.J.; ZELLO, G.A. 2004. D-lactate production and excretion in diarrheic calves. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 18(5):744-747.

EWASCHUK, J.B.; NAYLOR, J.M.; ZELLO, G.A. 2005. D-lactate in human and ruminant metabolism. J. Nutrition (EEUU). 7(135):1619-1625.

FIGGE, J.; ROSSING, T.H.; FENCL, V. 1991. The role of serum proteins in acid-base equilibria. J. Lab. Clin. Med (EEUU). 117(6):453-467.

FIGGE, J.; MYDOSH, T., T.H.; FENCL, V. 1992. Serum proteins and acid-base equilibria: a follow up. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 120(5):713-719.

FIGGE, J.; JABOR, A.; KAZDA, A.; FENCL, V. 1998. Anion gap and hypoalbuminemia. Crit. Care Med. (EEUU). 26(11):1807-1810.

FLEMING, S.A.; HUNT, E.L.; RIVIERE, J.E.; ANDERSON, K.L. 1991. Renal clearance and fractional excretion of electrolytes over four 6-periods in cattle. Am. J. Vet. Res. 52(1):5-8.

FLEMING, S.A.; HUNT, E.L.; BORWNIE, C.; RAKES, A.; MCDANIEL, B. 1992. Fractional excretion of electrolytes in lactating dairy cows. Am. J. Vet. Res. 53(2):222-224.

GROVE-WHITE, D.H.; WHITE, D.G. 1993. Diagnosis and treatment of metabolic acidosis in calves: a field study. Vet. Rec. 133(20):499-501.

GROVE-WHITE, D.H.; MICHELL, A.R. 2001. Comparison of the measurement of total carbon dioxide and strong ion difference for the evaluation of metabolic acidosis in diarrhoeic calves. Vet. Rec. 148(12):365-370.

GUTZWILLER, A. 2000. Glucose and Galactose Absorp- tion after Ingestion of Milk Containing Hydrolysed Lactose in Calves with diarrhea. J. Vet. Med. A. (Alemania). 47(8):495-500.

HALPERIN, M.L.; GOLDSTEIN, M.B. 1999. Respiratory Acid-Base Disturbances. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Physiology. 3a Ed, Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders, p. 195-224.

KASARI, T.R.; NAYLOR, J.M., 1985. Clinical evaluation of sodium bicarbonate, sodium L-lactate, and so- dium acetate for the treatment acidosis in diarrheic calves. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 187(4):392-397.

LUNN, D.P.; McGUIRK, S.M., 1990. Renal regulation and acid-base balance in ruminants. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 6(1):1-28.

MCCULLOUGH, S.M.; CONSTABLE, P.D. 2003. Calculation of the total plasma concentration of nonvolatile weak acids and the effective dissociation constant of nonvolatile buffers in plasma for use in the strong ion approach to acid-base balance in cats. Am. J. Vet. Res. 64(8):1047-1051.

MICHELL, A.R.; BYWATER, R.J.; CLARKE, A.W.; HALL, L.W.; WATERMAN, A.E. 1991. Alteraciones del volumen y de la composición de los fluidos cor- porales. Fluidoterapia Veterinaria. 1a Ed. Edit. Acribia. p.23-42.

MULLOWNEY, P.C.; PATTERSON, W.H. 1985. Therapeutic agents used in the treatment of calf diarrhea. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 1(3):563-581.

NAPPERT, G.; HAMILTON, D.; PETRIE, L.; NAYLOR, J.M. 1993. Determination of lactosa and xilosa malabsorption in prerruminant diarrheic calves. Can. J. Ve.t Res. 57(3):152-158.

NAPPERT, G.; NAYLOR, J.M. 2001. A comparison of pH determination methods in food animal practice. Can. Vet. J. 42(5):364-367.

NAYLOR, J.M., FORSYTH, G.W. 1986. The alkalinizing effects of metabolizable bases in the healthy calf. Can. J. Vet. Res. 50 (4):509-516.

NAYLOR, J.M. 1987a. Evaluation of the total carbon dioxide apparatus and pH meter for the determination of Acid-Base status in diarrheic and healthy calves. Can. Vet. J. 28(1,2):45-48.

NAYLOR, J.M. 1987b. Severity and nature of acidosis in diarrheic calves over and under one week of age. Can. Vet. J. 28(4):168-173.

NAYLOR, J.M. 1990. Oral fluid therapy in neonatal ruminants and swine. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 6(1):51-67.

NAYLOR, J.M. 1992. Effects of electrolyte solutions for oral administration on clotting of milk. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 201(7):1026-1029.

NAYLOR, J.M. 1996. Neonatal ruminant diarrhea. En Smith, B.P.: Large Animal Internal Medicine, 2a Ed, St. Louis, Mosby, p.396-346.

NAYLOR, J.M.; LEÍBEL, T.; MIDDLETON, D.M. 1997. Effect of glutamine or glycine containing oral electrolyte solutions on mucosal morphology, clinical and biochemical findings, in calves with viral induced diarrhea. Can. J. Vet. Res. 61(1):43-48.

NAYLOR, J.M.; ZELLO, G.A.; ABEISEKARA, S. 2006. Advances in oral and intravenous fluid therapy, of calves with gastrointestinal disease. En: Memo- rias. XXIV World Buiatrics Congress 2006. Nice, Francia.

OH, M.S., KIM, H.J. 2002. Basic rules of parenteral fluid therapy. Nephron (Suiza). 92(Suppl. 1):56-59.

OKINE, E.K.; MATHISON, G.W.; KASKE, M.; KENELLY, J.J.; CHRISTOPHERSON, R.J. 1998. Current understanding of the role of the reticulum and reticulo-omasal orifice in the control of digesta passage from the ruminoreticulum of sheep and cattle. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 78:15-21.

OLCOTT, B. 1987. Desplazamiento del abomaso. En: Memorias, IV Seminario Internacional de Medicina Bovina, ACOVEZ, Santafé de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, p.54-60.

OMOLE, O.O.; NAPPERT, G.; NAYLOR, J.M.; ZELLO, G.A. 2001. Both L- and D-lactate to metabolic acidosis in diarrheic calves. J. Nutr. 131(8):2128-2131.

PARKER, A.J.; HAMLIN, G.P.; COLEMAN, C.J.; FITZ-PATRICK, L.A. 2003. Quantitative analysis of acid-base balance in Bos indicus steers subjected to transportation of long duration. J. Anim. Sci. (EEUU). 81:1434-1439.

PHILLIPS, R.W. 1985. Fluid therapy for diarrheic calves: what, how, and how much. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 1(3):541-562.

PRINGLE, J.K.; BERTHIAUME, L.M. 1988. Hypernatremia in calves. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 2(2):66-70.

PUSTERLA, N.; BRAUN, U. 1995a. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the jugular vein of cows with catheter-related thrombophlebitis. Vet Rec. 137(17) 431-434.

PUSTERLA, N.; BRAUN, U. 1995b. Ultrasonographic findings of perivascular jugular vein diseases in cattle. Tierärztl. Prax. (Alemania) 23(4):360-362.

PUSTERLA, N.; BRAUN, U. 1996. Prophilaxis of intrave- nous catheter-related thrombophlebitis in cattle. Vet. Rec. 139(12):287-289.

RADOSTITIS, O.M.; MAYHEW, I.G.J.; HOUSTON, D.M. 2002. Elaborar un diagnóstico. En: O.M., RADOSTITIS; TYLER, J.W.; MAYHEW, I.G.. Examen y Diagnóstico Clínico en Veterinaria. 1a Ed, Madrid, España, Ediciones Harcourt, p.29.

RAGER, K.; HOUSE, J.K.; DEPETERS, E. 2002. Calf Nutrition. Comp. Cont Ed. Pract Vet. (supplement) (EEUU). 24(10):82-91.

RAMÍREZ, G.; BITTLE, P.A.; COLICE, G.L.; SANTACRUZ, R.; HIDALGO, A.; NOGUERA, I.; AGOSTI, S.J.; FOULIS, P.R. 1992. Blood biochemical characteristics of cattle at sea level and moderately high altitu- de (3,000 m). Am. J. Vet. Res. 53(4):547-550.

RODEHUTSCORD, M.; PAUEN, A.; WINDHAUSEN, P.; BRINTRUP, R.; PFEFFER, E. 1994. Effects of drastic changes in P intake on P concentrations in blood and rumen fluid of lactating ruminants. J. Vet. Med. A. 41(8):611-619.

ROUSSEL, A.J. 1983. Principles and mechanics of fluid therapy in calves. Comp. Cont. Ed. Pract. Vet. (suppl.). 5(6):332-340.

ROUSSEL, A.J. 1993. Fluid therapy transfusion, and shock therapy. En: Howard J.L. Current Veterinary Therapy 3, Food Animal Practice, 3a Ed., Philadel- phia, W.B Saunders Co. p.1-8.

ROUSSEL, A.J.; TALIOFERRA, L.; NAVARRE, C.B. 1996. Cathetherization of the auricular vein in cattle: 68 cases (1991-1994). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 208(6):905-907.

ROUSSEL, A.J.; COHEN, N.D.; HOLLAND, P.S.; TALIA- OFERRO, L.; GREEN, R.; BENSON, P.; NAVARRE, C.B.; HOOPER, R.N. 1998. Alterations in acid- base balance and serum electrolyte concentrations in cattle: 632 cases (1984-1994). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 212(11):1769-1775.

ROUSSEL, A.J. 1999. Fluid therapy in mature cattle. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim Pract. 15(3):545-557.

SARGISON, N.; SCOTT, P. 1996. Supportive therapy of generalized endotoxaemia in cattle using hy- pertonic saline. In Practice (Reino Unido). Jan, p.18-19.

SCHOONDERWOERD, M.; DOIGE, C.E.; WOBESER, G.A.; NAYLOR, J.M. 1986. Protein energy malnutrition and fat mobilization in neonatal calves. Can. Vet. J. 27(10):365-371.

SIMPSON, D.F.; ERB, H.N.; SMITH, D.F. 1985. Base excess as a prognostic and diagnostic indicator in cows with abomasal volvulus or right displacement of the abomasum. Am. J. Vet. Res. 46(4):796- 797.

STAEMPFLI, H.R.; PETRIE, J.P.; LUMSDEN, J.H., 1994. The weak acid concentration of plasma in Holstein calves. En: Abstract Proceedings VI Congress of the International Society for Animal Clinical Bio- chem. p.76.

STAEMPFLI, H.R.; CONSTABLE, P.D. 2003. Experimental determination of net protein charge and A(tot) and K(a) of nonvolatile buffers in human plasma. J. Appl. Physiol. 95(2):620-630.

STEWART, P.A., 1983. Modern quantitative acid- base chemistry. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 61(12):1444-1461.

THOMAS, L.A.; BROWN, S.A. 1992. Relationship bet- ween colloid osmotic pressure and plasma protein concentration in cattle, horses, dogs and cats. Am. J. Vet. Res. 53(12):2241-2244.

TORRES-MEDINA, A.; SCHAFLER, D.H.; MEBUS, C.A. 1985. Rotaviral and coronaviral diarrhea. Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract. 1(3):471-493.

TUCKER, W.B.; HARRISON, G.A.; HEMKEN, R.W. 1988. Influence of dietary cation-anion balance on milk, blood, urine, and rumen fluid in lactating dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 71(2):346-354.

TYLER, J.W.; SCHUMACHER, J. 1992. Problem-oriented diagnostics, statistical inference, and clinical decisions. Comp. Cont. Ed. Pract. Vet. 14(7):1009- 1015.

VERMOREL, M.; VERNET, J.; DARDILLAT, C.; SAIDO, DEMIGNE, C.; DAVICCO, M.J., 1989. Energy metabolism and thermoregulation in the newborn calf; effect of calving conditions. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 69:113-122.

VELÁSQUEZ P, J.M. 1993. Homeostasis acido básica en preparto y postparto. CORPOICA, Reg. 8 Villavi- cencio-Meta, Diciembre, p.29-52.

WALL, P.L.; NELSON, L.M.; GUTHMILLER, L.A. 1996. Cost effectiveness of use of a solution of 6% dex- tran in young calves with severe diarrhea. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 209(10):1714-1715.

WALKER, P.G.; CONSTABLE, P.D.; MORIN, D.E.; FO- REMAN, J.H.; DRACKLEY, J.K.; THURMON, J.C. 1998. Comparison of hypertonic saline-dextran solution and lactated Ringer´s solution for resuscitating severely dehydrated calves with diarrhea. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 213(1):113-121.

WHITEHAIR, K.J.; HASKINS, S.C.; WHITEHAIR, J.G.; PASCOE, P.J. 1995. Clinical applications of quantitative acid-base chemistry. J. Vet. Intern. Med. 9(1):1-11.

WILKES, P. 1998. Hypoproteinemia, strong-ion difference, and acid-base status in critically ill patients. J. Appl. Physiol. 84(5):1740-1748.


La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.