Condición física, nivel de actividad física y capacidad funcional en el adulto mayor: instrumentos para su cuantificación

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Cindy L. Benavides R.
Jose A. García G.
Jairo A. Fernández O
Diogo Rodrigues B.
John F. Ariza J.

Resumen

Las personas pasan por un proceso de envejecimiento, que está manifestado en los cambios biológicos y en la declinación fisiológica, lo cual, tiene un impacto significativo en el desarrollo de las actividades básicas de la vida diaria. En ese sentido, se hace necesario determinar cuáles son los instrumentos de medición más empleados para la evaluación de la condición física, capacidad funcional y niveles de actividad física de esta población. A través de una revisión sistemática de publicaciones científicas, se logró establecer que, para la medición de la condición física, la batería más utilizada es la SPPB (Short Physical Performance Battery); respecto al nivel de actividad física, la acelerometría es uno de los métodos directos más empleados, junto a los cuestionarios de autoreporte y para identificar la capacidad funcional, el índice de katz es el reportado con mayor frecuencia.

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