Vitrificación de embriones bovinos producidos in vitro

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Orlando Ramírez
Sandra Bernal

Resumen

En Colombia y en el mundo la producción de embriones in vitro, a nivel comercial, se ha incrementado en los últimos años. La transferencia de los mismos, se realiza, principalmente, en fresco, debido a las posibles lesiones causadas por los procesos de criopreservación. La vitrificación es una herramienta útil en tecnologías de reproducción asistida (TRA), que se emplea en medicina humana y en veterinaria, que puede ser usada como alternativa para la criopreservación de germoplasma (oocitos, espermatozoides y embriones). Pese a los grandes avances que se han realizado en el desarrollo de dicha técnica, su aplicación es escasa en la industria de producción de embriones bovinos y se emplea, básicamente, en proyectos de investigación. En esta revisión, se discuten diferentes aspectos involucrados en el proceso de vitrificación de embriones in vitro, algunos de los resultados obtenidos, las ventajas y las principales limitantes de la misma.

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Detalles del artículo

Referencias

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