Espectrometría de movilidad iónica: historia, características y aplicaciones

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Roberto Fernández Maestre


La espectrometría de movilidad iónica (IMS) es una técnica analítica que separa iones en fase gaseosa. Los iones son separados a presión atmosférica bajo la influencia de un campo eléctrico de acuerdo a su tamaño y forma. IMS es la mejor opción para detectar narcóticos, agentes químicos y biológicos de guerra, y explosivos en aeropuertos y aduanas. IMS puede detectar casi cualquier cosa que pueda ser ionizada y se ha aplicado al análisis de elementos ligeros como el helio, mezclas más complejas como proteomas, metabolomas y organismos completos, tales como bacterias, separaciones quirales, y la determinación de estructuras. Aunque desde el año 2000 se han presentado aproximadamente cincuenta revisiones de la IMS, la presente es probablemente la única en evaluar este tema de manera general desde esa fecha y es probablemente la primera en publicarse en una revista latinoamericana.

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